Works referenced in the Introduction:

Barthes, R. (1976) The Pleasure of the Text. London: Jonathan Cape.

Barthes, R. (1993) Image, Music, Text. 18th edn. New York: Fontana Press.

Bowditch, E. (2013) Ambiguity in Literature: Recovering the Life of Reading. Cairo edn. American University in Cairo: Department of English and Comparative Literature.

Bradford, R. (2010) Poetry: The Ultimate Guide. Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan.

Dansei, M. (1991) Puzzles and the brain. Available at: (Accessed: 1 February 2017).

Empson, W. (1984) Seven Types of Ambiguity. 3rd edn. London: London Hogarth.

Gaskin, R. (2013) Language, truth, and literature: A defence of literary humanism. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Gifford, P. (2006) Love, Desire and Transcendence in French Literature: Deciphering Eros. Aldershot, Eng.: Ashgate Publishing.

Citations for the extracts:

Del Toro, G (2006) Pan’s Labyrinth. [01.20.00]

Carroll, L. (2007) Through the Looking Glass and what Alice Found There. London: Plain Label Books p.18.

Pessoa, F. (2010) The Book of Disquiet. London: Profile Books p. 9.

Poe, E.A. (2014) The Complete Tales & Poems of Edgar Allan Poe. New York: Race Point Publishing p.794.

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